Fluoroscopic guidance of retrograde exchange of ureteral stents in women

Ruey Sheng Chang, Huei Lung Liang, Jer Shyung Huang, Po Chin Wang, Matt Chiung Yu Chen, Ping Hong Lai, Huay Ben Pan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to review our experience with fluoroscopically guided retrograde exchange of ureteral stents in women. MATERIALS AND METHODS. During a 48-month period, 28 women (age range, 38-76 years) were referred to our department for retrograde exchange of a ureteral stent. The causes of urinary obstruction were tumor compression in 26 patients and benign fibrotic stricture in two patients. A large-diameter snare catheter (25-mm single loop or 18- to 35-mm triple loop) or a foreign body retrieval forceps (opening width, 11.3 mm) was used to grasp the bladder end of the stent under fluoroscopic guidance. The technique entailed replacement of a patent or occluded ureteral stent with a 0.035- or 0.018-inch guidewire with or without the aid of advancement of an angiographic sheath. RESULTS. A total of 54 ureteral stents were exchanged with a snare catheter in 42 cases or a forceps in 12 cases. One stent misplaced too far up the ureter was replaced successfully through antegrade percutaneous nephrostomy. Ten occluded stents, including one single-J stent, were managed with a 0.018-inch guidewire in three cases, advancement of an angiographic sheath over the occluded stent into the ureter in five cases, and recannulation of the ureteral orifice with a guidewire in two cases. No complications of massive hemorrhage, ureter perforation, or infection were encountered. CONCLUSION. With proper selection of a snare or forceps catheter, retrograde exchange of ureteral stents in women can be easily performed under fluoroscopic guidance with high technical success and a low complication rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1665-1670
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
Volume190
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jun 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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