Forecasting Fine-Grained Air Quality for Locations without Monitoring Stations Based on a Hybrid Predictor with Spatial-Temporal Attention Based Network

Hsun Ping Hsieh, Su Wu, Ching Chung Ko, Chris Shei, Zheng Ting Yao, Yu Wen Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Air pollution in cities is a severe and worrying problem because it causes threats to economic development and health. Furthermore, with the development of industry and technology, rapid population growth, and the massive expansion of cities, the total amount of pollution emissions continue to increase. Hence, observing and predicting the air quality index (AQI), which measures fatal pollutants to humans, has become more and more critical in recent years. However, there are insufficient air quality monitoring stations for AQI observation because the construction and maintenance costs are too high. In addition, finding an available and suitable place for monitoring stations in cities with high population density is difficult. This study proposes a spatial-temporal model to predict the long-term AQI in a city without monitoring stations. Our model calculates the spatial-temporal correlation between station and region using an attention mechanism and leverages the distance information between all existing monitoring stations and target regions to enhance the effectiveness of the attention structure. Furthermore, we design a hybrid predictor that can effectively combine the time-dependent and time-independent predictors using the dynamic weighted sum. Finally, the experimental results show that the proposed model outperforms all the baseline models. In addition, the ablation study confirms the effectiveness of the proposed structures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4268
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume12
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 May 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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