The nonlocal Timoshenko beam theories (TBTs), based on the Reissner mixed variation theory (RMVT) and principle of virtual displacement (PVD), are derived for the free vibration analysis of a single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) embedded in an elastic medium and with various boundary conditions. The strong formulations of the nonlocal TBTs are derived using Hamilton's principle, in which Eringen's nonlocal constitutive relations are used to account for the small-scale effect. The interaction between the SWCNT and its surrounding elastic medium is simulated using the Winkler and Pasternak foundation models. The frequency parameters of the embedded SWCNT are obtained using the differential quadrature (DQ) method. In the cases of the SWCNT without foundations, the results of RMVT- and PVD-based nonlocal TBTs converge rapidly, and their convergent solutions closely agree with the exact ones available in the literature. Because the highest order with regard to the derivatives of the field variables used in the RMVT-based nonlocal TBT is lower than that used in its PVD-based counterpart, the former is more efficient than the latter with regard to the execution time. The former is thus both faster and obtains more accurate solutions than the latter for the numerical analysis of the embedded SWCNT.
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Physica E: Low-Dimensional Systems and Nanostructures|
|Publication status||Published - 2015 Jan 1|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Condensed Matter Physics