Fruit and some plant vehicles in Mandarin Chinese, English and German

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)


Investigating and understanding plant expressions is essential for exploring conceptual frames (Hsieh 2009a). This chapter explores life-form expressions with the aim to discover the cognitive model underlying the expressions. We start with investigating fruit-related fixed expressions and then go on to introduce other plant expressions. Toward the end, animal expressions are considered for the purpose of presenting the cognitive model. Our data were collected from dictionaries, literature and mass media. Goddard (1998) semantic molecules are the theoretical background within which the data are analyzed. Results show that language users hold the cognition of family resemblances when using life-form expressions. Language users ingeniously manipulate language through vehicles in nature, such as life forms, space, time. Language also connects people with both the tangible and intangible and appears as macroscopic family resemblances.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEmbodiment in Language (II)
Subtitle of host publicationFood, Emotion and Beyond
PublisherSpringer Singapore
Number of pages25
ISBN (Electronic)9789811017995
ISBN (Print)9789811017971
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Arts and Humanities(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)

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