Fully sintered alumina with a higher Vickers hardness prepared using a gel-casting process

Kuo Yang Lee, Chih Cheng Chen, Hsing I. Hsiang, Fu Su Yen, Chi Yuen Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The dispersant (commercial ammonium polyacrylate), sintering additive (Mg2+), and chelating agent (EDTA) effects on the Zeta potential and rheological behavior of alumina slurry with high solid content were investigated. The alumina ceramic green microstructures and sintered microstructures prepared using slurries with different additives using the gel-casting process were also studied. It was observed that the dispersion deteriorated after adding Mg2+. Slurry simultaneously added with dispersant and EDTA-chelated Mg2+ produced higher absolute Zeta potential value and low viscosity due to EDTA chelating with Mg2+. The sample added with dispersant and EDTA-chelated Mg2+ exhibited a uniform green microstructure, high relative sintered density (99.5% theoretical density), and a nearly pore-free microstructure with an average grain size of about 1.5 μm. For the first time to our knowledge, the maximum Vickers hardness (22 GPa) was obtained for alumina simultaneously added with Mg2+ and EDTA, pressureless sintered at 1500°C in air.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1493-1500
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Applied Ceramic Technology
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jul 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Marketing
  • Materials Chemistry

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