Functional polymers for colloidal applications. II. Hydrophobic effects of polyacrylic copolymer on dispersing polar and nonpolar particles

Ping-Lin Kuo, Ta‐Cheng ‐C Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The polyacrylic acids with fixed molecular weights are specifically esterified by lauryl alcohol and methyl alcohol to prepare copolymers. These copolymers are used as dispersants for dispersing TiO2 and carbon black. It was found that lauryl‐esterified copolymers decrease the minimum viscosity and optimum concentrations both for TiO2 and carbon black due to strong hydrophobic interactions. However, the methyl esterified polyacrylic acid significantly broadens the range of optimum concentrations due to the interruption of polymer interactions between particles by methyl groups. Four different dispersion systems (LB/carbon black, LB/TiO2, MB/carbon black, and MB/TiO2) are used. These results are discussed and correlated to the structure of dispersant. The bridging effect of esterified lauryl group and the antibridging effect of esterified methyl group are used tó interpre the viscosity phenoma of those dispered systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)869-876
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume44
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1992 Jan 1

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carbopol 940
Soot
Functional polymers
Carbon black
Copolymers
Dodecanol
Viscosity
Acids
Particle interactions
Methanol
Polymers
Alcohols
Molecular weight

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "The polyacrylic acids with fixed molecular weights are specifically esterified by lauryl alcohol and methyl alcohol to prepare copolymers. These copolymers are used as dispersants for dispersing TiO2 and carbon black. It was found that lauryl‐esterified copolymers decrease the minimum viscosity and optimum concentrations both for TiO2 and carbon black due to strong hydrophobic interactions. However, the methyl esterified polyacrylic acid significantly broadens the range of optimum concentrations due to the interruption of polymer interactions between particles by methyl groups. Four different dispersion systems (LB/carbon black, LB/TiO2, MB/carbon black, and MB/TiO2) are used. These results are discussed and correlated to the structure of dispersant. The bridging effect of esterified lauryl group and the antibridging effect of esterified methyl group are used t{\'o} interpre the viscosity phenoma of those dispered systems.",
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Functional polymers for colloidal applications. II. Hydrophobic effects of polyacrylic copolymer on dispersing polar and nonpolar particles. / Kuo, Ping-Lin; Chang, Ta‐Cheng ‐C.

In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 44, No. 5, 01.01.1992, p. 869-876.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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