The polymeric emulsifier poly(dodecyl acrylate‐co‐acrylic acid) [i.e., the sodium salt (PDA)] and monomeric emulsifier sodium dodecyl glutarate (SDG) have been synthesized. PDA and SDG are used as emulsifiers in the emulsion polymerization of styrene with both the water‐soluble initiator potassium persulfate (K2S2O8) and the oil‐soluble initiator 2,2′‐azobisisobutyronitrile (AIBN). The PDA/K2S2O8 system showed a bimodel distribution of particle sizes (2 and 0.05 μm). A bimodel particle distribution was also found for the PDA/AIBN system, but the distribution for the large particles was wide (0.1–10 and 0.07 μm). The SDG/K2S2O8 system displayed only one kind of particle size (0.05 μm), but the SDG/AIBN system also showed a bimodel distribution of particle sizes (0.05 and 5 μm). These bimodel distribution results for the PDA/K2S2O8, PDA/AIBN, and SDG/AIBN systems indicate that the polymerization sites are both in oil droplets and in micelles (polymer aggregates). This mechanism is interpreted in terms of the formation of polymer aggregates, which is supported by the results of pyrene solubilization, pyrene fluorescence, surface tension, and pyrene excimer experiments. © 1993 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1993 Jan|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Polymers and Plastics
- Organic Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry