Functionalization of MWCNTs by plasma treatment and use as conductive additives for LiFePO4 electrode

Si Xian Wu, Chih Lien Chiang, Cheng Chien Wang, Chuh Yung Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The application of LiFePO4 in high power battery is limited by its low conductivity. MWCNTs as conductive additives were functionalized with maleic anhydride (MA) using the plasma-induced grafting technique. A series of LiFePO4/MWCNTs-MA composite electrodes with 1.7 wt%, 2.7 wt%, 4.7 wt%, and 9.7 wt% of MWCNTs-MA were fabricated to improve conductivity and to investigate the effects of MWCNTs-MA on LiFePO4 electrode performance. X-ray diffraction analysis of LiFePO4/MWCNTs-MA cathodes showed that crystallinity and lattice spacing of LiFePO4 were not altered by incorporation of MWCNTs-MA. Field-emission scanning electronic microscopy showed that 4.7 wt% MWCNTs-MA dispersed well in LiFePO4 particle matrix. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy showed that charge transfer resistance was decreased by increased amount of MWCNTs-MA. The specific capacity, cyclic stability, and rate performance of LiFePO4 coin cells were enhanced by increased amount of MWCNTs-MA, and reaching optimal performance at 4.7 wt%. The LiFePO4/MWCNTs-MA (4.7 wt%) battery had rate capacity of 114 mAh g−1 at 1 C with a capacity retention ratio of 75.6% after 200 cycles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)208-214
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Aug

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)


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