g-C3N4/TiO2 for gas-phase formaldehyde photodegradation under visible light in the humidity control coatings

Meng Wei Zheng, Wan Yu Wen, Shou Heng Liu

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Backgrounds: The control of relative humidity and degradation of volatile organic compounds are regarded as major considerations in the enhancement of living quality in the indoor environment. From the viewpoints of circular economy, the valorization of inorganic wastes to prepare green building materials is crucial. Methods: For the practical applications, the multifunctional coatings, applied in the indoor humidity control and photocatalytic degradation of formaldehyde, are prepared by recovering inorganic wastes (i.e., white carbon (WC) and spent fluid catalytic cracking catalysts (sFCCC)) and photocatalysts (graphitic carbon nitride/TiO2, denoted as GCN/TiO2) via a simple sol-gel method. Various physicochemical and analytic tools are used to characterize the coating properties and performance. Significant findings: Compared to commercial coatings, the prepared multifunctional coatings (i.e., W/B/S-47/47/6, where W, B and S represent the weight percentage (%) of white carbon, bassanite and sFCCC, respectively) have superior textural properties which can improve the buffering ability of indoor humidity. Moreover, the W/B/S-47/47/6 coatings exhibit the surpassing photodegradation of formaldehyde over commercial coatings by ca. 3 times. The higher charge transfer kinetics and greater thermodynamic driving force toward superoxide radical formation are responsible for the improved photocatalytic activity of W/B/S-47/47/6 coatings. According to the toxicity characteristic leaching procedure tests, no evident leaching heavy metals are observed, which provides an environmental-friendly and economical route for valorization of inorganic wastes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105129
JournalJournal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Jan

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering


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