A combinative approach of steam-assisted crystallization and hard templating was employed to prepare mesostructured Ga/ZSM-5 catalysts. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) containing gallium oxide nanoparticles supported on the exterior surface and confined in the inner space were used as the templates. A comparative study showed that by using these two templates, the crystallinities, mesoporosities, and Ga coordination environments of mesostructured Ga/ZSM-5 catalysts were similar. However, a greater strength of Lewis acid of Ga/ZSM-5 was obtained using the GaOx-encapsulated CNTs as the template. Encapsulated GaOx was less reducible than those supported on the exterior surface of the CNTs, resulting in an increased concentration of isolated (GaO)+. Moreover, compared to pristine ZSM-5, the concentration of Brønsted acid was nearly intact by using GaOx-encapsulated CNTs as the templates. A better methanol aromatization performance was achieved by the Ga/ZSM-5 made by using GaOx-encapsulated CNTs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering