Gait analysis after total hip arthroplasty with leg-length equalization in women with unilateral congenital complete dislocation of the hip - Comparison with untreated patients

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Abstract

Patients with Crowe Type-IV congenital dislocation of the hip (CDH) show significant clinical improvement after total hip arthroplasty (THA) because this surgery greatly reduces pain. Concomitant leg-length equalization in unilateral patients - a controversial procedure - theoretically should significantly improve these patients' ability to walk efficiently and comfortably. To understand the impact of leg-length equalization on these patients, we compared their gait parameters with those of untreated patients without pain but with leg-length discrepancy. Using a motion analysis system, three force platforms and computer calculation, the gait parameters during level walking of 22 women with unilateral Crowe Type-IV CDH were studied at an average of 58 months (27-98 months) following a successful cementless THA. The socket was placed in the best bone stock, which was close to the level of the true acetabulum. The leg-length discrepancy was equalized to within 2 cm in all patients. The Harris hip score averaged 94.8 (range, 88-100) at the time of the study. Nine women with untreated unilateral Crowe Type-IV CDH without major pain but with an average leg-length discrepancy of 4.7 cm (range, 2.5-6 cm) were also studied for comparison. The treated subjects (Group 1; THA and leg-length equalization) walked faster and had gait parameters with better bilateral symmetry than the untreated subjects (Group 2). We concluded that leg-length equalization in addition to THA in patients with unilateral Crowe Type-IV CDH significantly improves gait symmetry and efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1147-1152
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Research
Volume19
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Dec 31

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Congenital Hip Dislocation
Gait
Arthroplasty
Hip
Leg
Pain
Acetabulum
Aptitude
Time and Motion Studies
Walking
Efficiency
Bone and Bones

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

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title = "Gait analysis after total hip arthroplasty with leg-length equalization in women with unilateral congenital complete dislocation of the hip - Comparison with untreated patients",
abstract = "Patients with Crowe Type-IV congenital dislocation of the hip (CDH) show significant clinical improvement after total hip arthroplasty (THA) because this surgery greatly reduces pain. Concomitant leg-length equalization in unilateral patients - a controversial procedure - theoretically should significantly improve these patients' ability to walk efficiently and comfortably. To understand the impact of leg-length equalization on these patients, we compared their gait parameters with those of untreated patients without pain but with leg-length discrepancy. Using a motion analysis system, three force platforms and computer calculation, the gait parameters during level walking of 22 women with unilateral Crowe Type-IV CDH were studied at an average of 58 months (27-98 months) following a successful cementless THA. The socket was placed in the best bone stock, which was close to the level of the true acetabulum. The leg-length discrepancy was equalized to within 2 cm in all patients. The Harris hip score averaged 94.8 (range, 88-100) at the time of the study. Nine women with untreated unilateral Crowe Type-IV CDH without major pain but with an average leg-length discrepancy of 4.7 cm (range, 2.5-6 cm) were also studied for comparison. The treated subjects (Group 1; THA and leg-length equalization) walked faster and had gait parameters with better bilateral symmetry than the untreated subjects (Group 2). We concluded that leg-length equalization in addition to THA in patients with unilateral Crowe Type-IV CDH significantly improves gait symmetry and efficiency.",
author = "Lai, {Kou An} and Lin, {Chii Jen} and Jou, {I. Ming} and Su, {Fon Chin}",
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N2 - Patients with Crowe Type-IV congenital dislocation of the hip (CDH) show significant clinical improvement after total hip arthroplasty (THA) because this surgery greatly reduces pain. Concomitant leg-length equalization in unilateral patients - a controversial procedure - theoretically should significantly improve these patients' ability to walk efficiently and comfortably. To understand the impact of leg-length equalization on these patients, we compared their gait parameters with those of untreated patients without pain but with leg-length discrepancy. Using a motion analysis system, three force platforms and computer calculation, the gait parameters during level walking of 22 women with unilateral Crowe Type-IV CDH were studied at an average of 58 months (27-98 months) following a successful cementless THA. The socket was placed in the best bone stock, which was close to the level of the true acetabulum. The leg-length discrepancy was equalized to within 2 cm in all patients. The Harris hip score averaged 94.8 (range, 88-100) at the time of the study. Nine women with untreated unilateral Crowe Type-IV CDH without major pain but with an average leg-length discrepancy of 4.7 cm (range, 2.5-6 cm) were also studied for comparison. The treated subjects (Group 1; THA and leg-length equalization) walked faster and had gait parameters with better bilateral symmetry than the untreated subjects (Group 2). We concluded that leg-length equalization in addition to THA in patients with unilateral Crowe Type-IV CDH significantly improves gait symmetry and efficiency.

AB - Patients with Crowe Type-IV congenital dislocation of the hip (CDH) show significant clinical improvement after total hip arthroplasty (THA) because this surgery greatly reduces pain. Concomitant leg-length equalization in unilateral patients - a controversial procedure - theoretically should significantly improve these patients' ability to walk efficiently and comfortably. To understand the impact of leg-length equalization on these patients, we compared their gait parameters with those of untreated patients without pain but with leg-length discrepancy. Using a motion analysis system, three force platforms and computer calculation, the gait parameters during level walking of 22 women with unilateral Crowe Type-IV CDH were studied at an average of 58 months (27-98 months) following a successful cementless THA. The socket was placed in the best bone stock, which was close to the level of the true acetabulum. The leg-length discrepancy was equalized to within 2 cm in all patients. The Harris hip score averaged 94.8 (range, 88-100) at the time of the study. Nine women with untreated unilateral Crowe Type-IV CDH without major pain but with an average leg-length discrepancy of 4.7 cm (range, 2.5-6 cm) were also studied for comparison. The treated subjects (Group 1; THA and leg-length equalization) walked faster and had gait parameters with better bilateral symmetry than the untreated subjects (Group 2). We concluded that leg-length equalization in addition to THA in patients with unilateral Crowe Type-IV CDH significantly improves gait symmetry and efficiency.

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