GaN-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) grown on sapphire with ex situ AlN nucleation layer prepared by radio-frequency sputtering were investigated. GaN-based epitaxial layers grown on the Ar-implanted AlN/sapphire (AIAS) substrates exhibited selective growth and subsequent lateral growth due to the difference of lattice constants between the implanted and implantation-free regions. Consequently, air voids over the implanted regions were formed around the GaN/AlN/sapphire interfaces. We proposed the growth mechanisms of the GaN layer on the AIAS substrates and characterized the LEDs with embedded air voids. With a 20 mA current injection, experimental results indicate that the light output power of LEDs grown on the AIAS substrates was enhanced by 25 compared with those of conventional LEDs. This enhancement can be attributed to the light scattering at the GaN/air void interfaces to increase the light extraction efficiency of the LEDs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)