GaN metal-semiconductor-metal (MSM) ultraviolet photodetectors (PDs) with ex situ sputtered AlN nucleation layer were investigated and demonstrated. The crystal quality, electrical, and optical properties of GaN PDs were improved using ex situ sputtered AlN nucleation layer. Compared with in situ AlN nucleation layer, it was found that the X-ray rock curve widths and yellow or blue bands of cathodoluminescence spectra of the PDs prepared by ex situ sputtered AlN nucleation layer were significantly reduced and smaller due to the improved crystal quality. It was also found that the dark current and responsivity of PDs with ex situ sputtered AlN nucleation layer were more effectively reduced and enhanced. Moreover, GaN MSM PDs with ex situ sputtered AlN nucleation layer could achieve the higher quantum efficiency and detectivity.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering