Gasification kinetics of raw and wet-torrefied microalgae Chlorella vulgaris ESP-31 in carbon dioxide

Quang Vu Bach, Wei Hsin Chen, Herng Kuang Sheen, Jo Shu Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aims at investigating the gasification behavior and kinetics of microalga Chlorella vulgaris ESP-31 before and after wet torrefaction. The raw and wet-torrefied microalgae were first gasified in a thermogravimetric analyzer under a continuous CO2 flow. Thereafter, the obtained thermogravimetric data were modeled for kinetic study, employing a seven-parallel-reaction mechanism. The decomposition of the microalgae in CO2 shows two reactive stages: devolatilization with two peaks and gasification with a peak accompanied by a shoulder, and the thermal decomposition of components in the samples can be clearly identified. Increasing wet torrefaction temperature lowers the height of the major devolatilization peak but enhances the height of the minor one. Moreover, the kinetic evaluation reveals that wet torrefaction affects most of the kinetic parameters of the microalgal components. Furthermore, wet torrefaction temperature influences the kinetic parameters of carbohydrate and lipid, but not on those of protein, “others”, and chars.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1393-1399
Number of pages7
JournalBioresource technology
Volume244
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1

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Gasification
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon dioxide
carbon dioxide
Kinetic parameters
kinetics
Kinetics
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Pyrolysis
microalga
thermal decomposition
Decomposition
Proteins
Temperature
carbohydrate
lipid
gasification
decomposition
protein

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

Cite this

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abstract = "This study aims at investigating the gasification behavior and kinetics of microalga Chlorella vulgaris ESP-31 before and after wet torrefaction. The raw and wet-torrefied microalgae were first gasified in a thermogravimetric analyzer under a continuous CO2 flow. Thereafter, the obtained thermogravimetric data were modeled for kinetic study, employing a seven-parallel-reaction mechanism. The decomposition of the microalgae in CO2 shows two reactive stages: devolatilization with two peaks and gasification with a peak accompanied by a shoulder, and the thermal decomposition of components in the samples can be clearly identified. Increasing wet torrefaction temperature lowers the height of the major devolatilization peak but enhances the height of the minor one. Moreover, the kinetic evaluation reveals that wet torrefaction affects most of the kinetic parameters of the microalgal components. Furthermore, wet torrefaction temperature influences the kinetic parameters of carbohydrate and lipid, but not on those of protein, “others”, and chars.",
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Gasification kinetics of raw and wet-torrefied microalgae Chlorella vulgaris ESP-31 in carbon dioxide. / Bach, Quang Vu; Chen, Wei Hsin; Sheen, Herng Kuang; Chang, Jo Shu.

In: Bioresource technology, Vol. 244, 01.01.2017, p. 1393-1399.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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