Abstract: Ovarian cancer is a cancer of high mortality. Aberrant gene methylation of tumor suppressor genes has been shown to be related to the development of malignancy. This study aimed to investigate the methylation of various genes in ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma (OCCA) and ovarian endometrioid adenocarcinoma (OEA) and evaluate methylation biomarkers in terms of patient chemo-response and outcome. Eight candidate genes from 66 OCCA and 51 OEA patients were evaluated by methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction and capillary electrophoresis. Clinico-pathological parameters and patient outcomes were analyzed. The frequencies of gene methylation in RASSF1A (79% vs. 59%, p=0.025), E-cadherin (30% vs. 10%, p=0.011), and DLEC1 (71% vs. 43%, p=0.003) were higher in the patients with OCCA than in those with OEA. The chemo-resistant group had a significantly higher percentage of E-cadherin methylation (36.7% vs. 16.1%, p=0.036) than the chemo-sensitive group. In multivariate analysis (log-rank test), advanced stage (4.79 [2.10-10.94], p<0.001) was the only risk factor for mortality. Those with methylation of more than two out of three genes (E-cadherin, DLEC1, and SFRP5) had a shorter disease-free survival (1.89 [1.07-3.32], p=0.028) and overall survival (3.29 [1.57-6.87], p=0.002) than those with methylation of one or no gene. In advanced-stage malignancies, those with more than two out of the three gene methylations also had a shorter overall survival (3.86 [1.63-9.09], p=0.002) than those with methylation of only one or no gene. Patients with OCCA have different patterns of gene methylation than those with OEA. Methylation of the E-cadherin, DLEC1 and SFRP5 genes can be a prognostic biomarker for OCCA and OEA.
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||American Journal of Translational Research|
|Publication status||Published - 2015 Jan 1|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cancer Research