Generation of a novel factor IX with augmented clotting activities in vitro and in vivo

C. N. Lin, C. Y. Kao, C. H. Miao, N. Hamaguchi, H. L. Wu, G. Y. Shi, Y. L. Liu, K. A. High, S. W. Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Hemophilia B is an X-linked inherited disorder caused by the lack of functional factor IX (FIX). Currently, treatment of hemophilia B is performed by intravenous infusion of plasma-derived or recombinant FIX. Objective: In an effort to reduce factor usage and cost, we investigated the potential use of FIX variants with enhanced specific clotting activity. Methods: Seven recombinant FIX variants using alanine replacement were generated and assayed for their activity in vitro and in vivo. Results: One variant containing three substitutions (V86A/E277A/R338A, FIX-Triple) exhibited 13-fold higher specific clotting activity and a 10-fold increased affinity for human FVIIIa compared with FIX-wild-type (FIX-WT) and was thus investigated systematically in vivo. Liver-specific FIX-Triple gene expression following hydrodynamic plasmid delivery revealed a 3.5-fold higher specific clotting activity compared with FIX-WT. Human FIX-Triple and FIX-WT knock-in mice were generated and it was confirmed that FIX-Triple has 7-fold higher specific clotting activity than FIX-WT under normal physiological conditions. Protein infusion of FIX-Triple into hemophilia B mice resulted in greater improvement of hemostasis than that achieved with FIX-WT. Moreover, tail-vein administration of a serotype 8 recombinant Adeno-associated vector (AAV8) expressing either FIX-WT or FIX-Triple in hemophilia B mice demonstrated a 7-fold higher specific clotting activity of FIX-Triple than FIX-WT. Conclusions: Our results indicate that the FIX-Triple variant exhibits significantly enhanced clotting activity relative to FIX-WT due to tighter binding to FVIIIa, as demonstrated both in vitro and in vivo. Therefore, FIX-Triple is a good candidate for further evaluation in protein replacement therapy as well as gene-based therapeutic strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1773-1783
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Aug

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hematology


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