Generation of Escher Arts with Dual Perception

Shih Syun Lin, Charles C. Morace, Chao Hung Lin, Li Fong Hsu, Tong Yee Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Escher transmutation is a graphic art that smoothly transforms one tile pattern into another tile pattern with dual perception. A classic example is the artwork called Sky and Water, in which a compelling figure-ground arrangement is applied to portray the transmutation of a bird in sky and a fish in water. The shape of a bird is progressively deformed and dissolves into the background while the background gradually reveals the shape of a fish. This paper introduces a system to create a variety of Escher-like transmutations, which includes the algorithms for initializing a tile pattern with dual figure-ground arrangement, for searching for the best matched shape of a user-specified motif from a database, and for transforming the content and shapes of tile patterns using a content-aware warping technique. The proposed system, integrating the graphic techniques of tile initialization, shape matching, and shape warping, allows users to create various Escher-like transmutations with minimal user interaction. Experimental results and conducted user studies demonstrate the feasibility and flexibility of the proposed system in Escher art generation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7835631
Pages (from-to)1103-1113
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Feb 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Signal Processing
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


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