Background: Gastric cancer exhibits familial clustering, and gastric cancer familial relatives (GCF) tend to present with corpus-predominant gastritis and precancerous lesions as SPEM or IM after H. pylori infection. The study determined whether the children of gastric cancer patients (GCA) had genomic single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) predisposed to the gastric precancerous lesions as spasmolytic polypeptide-expressing metaplasia (SPEM) or intestinal metaplasia (IM). Results: There were 389 family relatives of 193 non-cardiac GCA and 173 duodenal ulcer patients (DU), received blood sampling for DNA collection. The differences of the risk alleles of SNPs in the ITGA5, ITGB1, IL-10, COX-2, RUNX3, and TFF2 genes were compared between 195 children of GCA and 143 DU. The children of GCA had higher allele frequencies of ITGA5-1160 T-carrier (P = 0.006, OR[95% CI] = 2.2[1.2-4]), ITGB1 -1949 A-carrier (P = 0.047; OR[95% CI] = 2.8[1.4-5.3]), ITGB1 + 31804 C-carrier (P = 0.013; OR[95% CI] = 4.7[1.7-13.0]), IL-10-592 AA (P = 0.014; OR [95% CI] = 2.3[1.4-4.0]) and COX-2-1195 G-carrier (P = 0.019; OR[95% CI] = 1.7[0.9-3.2]) than DU. The combined genotype with ITGA5-1160/ITGB1-1949/ ITGB1 + 31804 as T/A/C carriers and COX-2-1195/IL-10-592 as G-carrier/AA was more prevalent in the children of GCA than in DU (P < 1×10-4), and predisposed with a 5.3-fold risk of getting SPEM in the H. pylori-infected children of GCA (P = 0.016). Such risk of getting SPEM increased to 112 folds, if combined with RUNX3 + 492/TFF2-308 as A-carrier/CC in this limited study scale (P = 1×10-4). Conclusions: The SNPs of ITGA5 -1160/ITGB1-1949/ ITGB1 + 31804 as T/A/C carriers and COX-2-1195/IL-10-592 as G-carrier/AA, or more specific to combine RUNX3 + 492/TFF2-308 as A-carrier/CC shall be host factor predisposing to gastric cancer during H. pylori infection, and serve as marker to identify high-risk subjects for H. pylori eradication.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Molecular Biology
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cell Biology
- Biochemistry, medical
- Pharmacology (medical)