Glutamine Metabolism in Both the Oxidative and Reductive Directions Is Triggered in Shrimp Immune Cells (Hemocytes) at the WSSV Genome Replication Stage to Benefit Virus Replication

Shu Ting He, Der Yen Lee, Cheng Yi Tung, Chun Yuan Li, Han Ching Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) is the causative agent of a shrimp disease that has caused huge global economic losses. Although its pathogenesis remains poorly understood, it has been reported that in the shrimp immune cells (hemocytes) targeted by WSSV, the virus triggers both the Warburg effect and glutamine metabolism at the WSSV genome replication stage (12 h post infection). Glutamine metabolism follows two pathways: an oxidative pathway mediated by α-KGDH (α-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase) and an alternative reductive pathway mediated by IDH1 and IDH2 (isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 and 2). Here we used isotopically labeled glutamine ([U-13C]glutamine and [1-13C]glutamine) as metabolic tracers to show that, at the replication stage, both the oxidative and reductive glutamine metabolic pathways were activated. We further show that the mRNA expression levels of α-KGDH and IDH1 were increased in WSSV-infected shrimps and that silencing of α-KGDH, IDH1, and IDH2 with their respective dsRNAs led to a decrease in WSSV gene expression and WSSV replication. Taken together, our findings provide new evidence for WSSV-induced metabolic reprogramming in hemocytes and demonstrate its importance in virus replication.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2102
JournalFrontiers in Immunology
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Sep 4

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White spot syndrome virus 1
Hemocytes
Virus Replication
Glutamine
Genome
Isocitrate Dehydrogenase
Metabolic Networks and Pathways
Direction compound
Oxidoreductases
Economics
Viruses
Gene Expression
Messenger RNA

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Cite this

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title = "Glutamine Metabolism in Both the Oxidative and Reductive Directions Is Triggered in Shrimp Immune Cells (Hemocytes) at the WSSV Genome Replication Stage to Benefit Virus Replication",
abstract = "White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) is the causative agent of a shrimp disease that has caused huge global economic losses. Although its pathogenesis remains poorly understood, it has been reported that in the shrimp immune cells (hemocytes) targeted by WSSV, the virus triggers both the Warburg effect and glutamine metabolism at the WSSV genome replication stage (12 h post infection). Glutamine metabolism follows two pathways: an oxidative pathway mediated by α-KGDH (α-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase) and an alternative reductive pathway mediated by IDH1 and IDH2 (isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 and 2). Here we used isotopically labeled glutamine ([U-13C]glutamine and [1-13C]glutamine) as metabolic tracers to show that, at the replication stage, both the oxidative and reductive glutamine metabolic pathways were activated. We further show that the mRNA expression levels of α-KGDH and IDH1 were increased in WSSV-infected shrimps and that silencing of α-KGDH, IDH1, and IDH2 with their respective dsRNAs led to a decrease in WSSV gene expression and WSSV replication. Taken together, our findings provide new evidence for WSSV-induced metabolic reprogramming in hemocytes and demonstrate its importance in virus replication.",
author = "He, {Shu Ting} and Lee, {Der Yen} and Tung, {Cheng Yi} and Li, {Chun Yuan} and Wang, {Han Ching}",
year = "2019",
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T1 - Glutamine Metabolism in Both the Oxidative and Reductive Directions Is Triggered in Shrimp Immune Cells (Hemocytes) at the WSSV Genome Replication Stage to Benefit Virus Replication

AU - He, Shu Ting

AU - Lee, Der Yen

AU - Tung, Cheng Yi

AU - Li, Chun Yuan

AU - Wang, Han Ching

PY - 2019/9/4

Y1 - 2019/9/4

N2 - White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) is the causative agent of a shrimp disease that has caused huge global economic losses. Although its pathogenesis remains poorly understood, it has been reported that in the shrimp immune cells (hemocytes) targeted by WSSV, the virus triggers both the Warburg effect and glutamine metabolism at the WSSV genome replication stage (12 h post infection). Glutamine metabolism follows two pathways: an oxidative pathway mediated by α-KGDH (α-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase) and an alternative reductive pathway mediated by IDH1 and IDH2 (isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 and 2). Here we used isotopically labeled glutamine ([U-13C]glutamine and [1-13C]glutamine) as metabolic tracers to show that, at the replication stage, both the oxidative and reductive glutamine metabolic pathways were activated. We further show that the mRNA expression levels of α-KGDH and IDH1 were increased in WSSV-infected shrimps and that silencing of α-KGDH, IDH1, and IDH2 with their respective dsRNAs led to a decrease in WSSV gene expression and WSSV replication. Taken together, our findings provide new evidence for WSSV-induced metabolic reprogramming in hemocytes and demonstrate its importance in virus replication.

AB - White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) is the causative agent of a shrimp disease that has caused huge global economic losses. Although its pathogenesis remains poorly understood, it has been reported that in the shrimp immune cells (hemocytes) targeted by WSSV, the virus triggers both the Warburg effect and glutamine metabolism at the WSSV genome replication stage (12 h post infection). Glutamine metabolism follows two pathways: an oxidative pathway mediated by α-KGDH (α-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase) and an alternative reductive pathway mediated by IDH1 and IDH2 (isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 and 2). Here we used isotopically labeled glutamine ([U-13C]glutamine and [1-13C]glutamine) as metabolic tracers to show that, at the replication stage, both the oxidative and reductive glutamine metabolic pathways were activated. We further show that the mRNA expression levels of α-KGDH and IDH1 were increased in WSSV-infected shrimps and that silencing of α-KGDH, IDH1, and IDH2 with their respective dsRNAs led to a decrease in WSSV gene expression and WSSV replication. Taken together, our findings provide new evidence for WSSV-induced metabolic reprogramming in hemocytes and demonstrate its importance in virus replication.

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