This study investigated the effects of W and Cu on the microstructure of Ni–W–Cu films which are used as the seed layer in perpendicular magnetic recording (PMR) media. Attributed to the relatively large radius of W, (i) the lattice mismatch between the seed layer and the intermediate layer in PMR, and (ii) the grain refining were successfully improved, in the presence of x increased in Ni80−xWxCu20 (x = 8, 14, 20). In addition, the decayed crystallinity resulting from increasing x value was ameliorated by raising y in Ni92−yW8Cuy (y = 0, 10, 20). It is believed that the reduced grain size and the enhanced crystallinity are beneficial to signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) in PMR media. Furthermore, both the adhesion and the sputtering-arcing tests passed the industrial standards. All the results were supported by glancing incident X-ray diffraction (GIXRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and spatial energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films