This study examines the syntactical differences between grammaticalized complements and general complements in Mandarin Chinese. Focusing on four directional complements - shang (up), xia (down), qi (rise), and chu (out) - we investigate the grammaticalization of these directional complements in light of image schemata (Talmy 1988, 2000) and aims to review Heine, Claudi & Hünnemeyer's (1991) proposal of grammatical structure. The result shows that the grammaticalization of directional complements can be written as space movement ↔ space → non-specific space → time → status, which is generally in accordance with the grammatical structure proposed by Heine, Claudi & Hünnemeyer (1991). However, the additional step of space → non-specific space can be observed in the directional complements of modern Chinese.
|Number of pages||20|
|Journal||Language and Linguistics|
|Publication status||Published - 2008 Dec 1|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Language and Linguistics
- Linguistics and Language
- Social Sciences(all)