Input/output (I/O) delays in a closed-loop robotic system can significantly deteriorate both its stability and performance. In this paper, we study the position control problem for robotic manipulators under I/O delays, where the delays manifest as a result of communication with a non-collocated controller. Previous research on this topic has assumed the gravitational torque to be pre-compensated in a collocated manner. This paper studies the stability and regulation performance of the closed-loop system when the compensation for the gravitational torque is provided by a non-collocated controller. We demonstrate that simply utilizing scattering transformation for robotic systems under I/O communication delays results in position drift due to gravity compensation. Hence, a new control algorithm incorporating delayed position feedback and scattering variables is studied subsequently. Stability and performance margins dependent on the round-trip delays and the gravitational model are proposed to guarantee stable position regulation. Since the control architecture with scattering transformation does not address the stability problem due to sensing-actuation delays, a new controller is developed to cope with robotic control systems under time-varying sensing-actuation delays. The proposed control algorithms are studied in this paper via experiments on a manipulator with three degrees of freedom.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering