A novel series of green light emitting single polymers were prepared by end-capping of N-aryl-1,8-naphthalimide and 1,8-naphthoilenearylimidazole derivatives into polyfluorene. The electroluminescence (EL) spectra of polymers (P1 ∼ P5) exhibit greenish-blue, bluish-green, pure green, and yellowish-green emission (λmax = 465 nm, 490 nm, 500 nm, and 545 nm, respectively) from compounds (M1 ∼ M5). It was found that by the introduction of a small amount of compounds (M1 ∼ M5) (5 mol-%) into polyfluorene, the emission color can be tuned from the blue to green region. The color tuning was found to have gone through charge trapping and Förster energy transfer. The device of P4 emits pure green light with Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage (CIE) coordinates of (0.20, 0.41), and exhibits a maximum brightness of 11500 cd/m2 at 12 V with a structure of indium tin oxide (ITO)/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrene sulfonic acid) [PEDOT:PSS]/PVK/emission layer/Ca/Ag. The device of P5 emits yellowish green light with Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage (CIE) coordinates of (0.36, 0.56), and exhibits a maximum brightness of 6534 cd/m2 at 17 V.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry