This paper analyzes four basic ground methods for personal protection during maintained distribution transformers considering reverse energy from end users. The test in this paper considers that no loads are connected at both the primary and secondary of the distribution transformer. The results are summarized to determine the effective grounding method of protecting distribution line workers on de-energized lines during accidental-line energization from the end users. The secondary voltage at the transformer was recorded with various configurations of temporary grounds, and the primary voltage is then computed by using the transformer turn ratio. As a result, the case of installing no temporary ground is considered lethal. Moreover, the cases of installing temporary ground with a short circuit at either the primary or secondary of the transformer are considered to be the effective means of protecting distribution line workers.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering