Growth of CuPd nanoalloys encapsulated in carbon-shell

H. Y. Kang, Hong-Paul Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Preparation of nanostructured copper-palladium (CuPd) alloys is getting more attention because specific catalytic properties can be tuned by controlling their composition, size, and shape. Thus, a better understanding especially in the formation mechanism of the CuPd nanoalloys is of great importance in designing the catalysts. Growth of CuPd nanoalloys encapsulated in carbon-shell (CuPd@C) was, therefore, studied by in situ synchrotron small-angle X-ray scattering during temperature-programed carbonization (TPC) of the Cu2+- and Pd2+-β-cyclodextrin complexes. A rapid reduction of Cu2+ and Pd2+ with nucleation is found at the temperatures of <423 K, followed by coalescence at 453-573 K. The welldispersed CuPd nanoalloys having the sizes of 7.6-7.9 nm in diameter are encapsulated in carbonshell of 1.4-1.8 nm in thickness. The refined extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectra indicate that the bond distances of the first-shell Cu-Pd are 2.61-2.64 A° with the coordination numbers of 5.1-5.6. A homogeneous CuPd alloy at the Cu/Pd atomic ratio of 1 is observed. Note that at the high Cu/Pd ratio, Cu is enriched on the CuPd nanoalloy surfaces, attributable to the relatively low surface free energy of Cu.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1672
JournalJournal of Nanoparticle Research
Volume15
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 May 1

Fingerprint

Shell
Carbon
Palladium alloys
palladium alloys
Palladium
copper alloys
carbonization
carbon
Copper alloys
Cyclodextrins
Surface Energy
Fine Structure
Coalescence
Carbonization
X ray absorption
Catalyst
X ray scattering
Synchrotrons
Nucleation
coordination number

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

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abstract = "Preparation of nanostructured copper-palladium (CuPd) alloys is getting more attention because specific catalytic properties can be tuned by controlling their composition, size, and shape. Thus, a better understanding especially in the formation mechanism of the CuPd nanoalloys is of great importance in designing the catalysts. Growth of CuPd nanoalloys encapsulated in carbon-shell (CuPd@C) was, therefore, studied by in situ synchrotron small-angle X-ray scattering during temperature-programed carbonization (TPC) of the Cu2+- and Pd2+-β-cyclodextrin complexes. A rapid reduction of Cu2+ and Pd2+ with nucleation is found at the temperatures of <423 K, followed by coalescence at 453-573 K. The welldispersed CuPd nanoalloys having the sizes of 7.6-7.9 nm in diameter are encapsulated in carbonshell of 1.4-1.8 nm in thickness. The refined extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectra indicate that the bond distances of the first-shell Cu-Pd are 2.61-2.64 A° with the coordination numbers of 5.1-5.6. A homogeneous CuPd alloy at the Cu/Pd atomic ratio of 1 is observed. Note that at the high Cu/Pd ratio, Cu is enriched on the CuPd nanoalloy surfaces, attributable to the relatively low surface free energy of Cu.",
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Growth of CuPd nanoalloys encapsulated in carbon-shell. / Kang, H. Y.; Wang, Hong-Paul.

In: Journal of Nanoparticle Research, Vol. 15, No. 5, 1672, 01.05.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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