Hepatitis B and hepatitis C virus infection among chronic alcoholic patients with liver disease in Taiwan.

Ting-Tsung Chang, C. Y. Lin, Nan-Haw Chow, P. I. Hsu, C. C. Yang, Xi-Zhang Lin, J. S. Shin, D. S. Chen

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Abstract

The prevalence of the anti-hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV) antibody and hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) among 123 alcoholic patients with liver disease from our hospital and 44 alcoholic subjects from the local community was evaluated. By radio-immunoassay HBsAg was detected in 30.1% of alcoholic patients with liver disease, compared with 11.4% of alcoholic subjects from the local community (p < 0.05). The prevalence of HBsAg was 40.7% (11/27) in patients with cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), 31.5% (17/54) in patients with cirrhosis only, and 29.4% (5/17) in patients with other liver diseases. By enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, anti-HCV antibody was detected in 30.9% of alcoholic patients with liver disease, compared with 2.3% of alcoholic subjects from the local community (p < 0.0005). The prevalence of anti-HCV antibody was 44.4% in alcoholic patients with cirrhosis and HCC, 29.6% in alcoholic patients with cirrhosis only, and 17.6% in alcoholic patients with other liver diseases. As the degree of liver damage advanced, the prevalence of either HBsAg or anti-HCV antibody, or both, being detected in these alcoholic patients increased significantly (p < 0.05). The serum ALT level was higher among alcoholic patients who had either HBsAg or anti-HCV antibody than those having neither (151 +/- 204 vs 62 +/- 47 IU/L; p < 0.005). All three alcoholic patients with chronic hepatitis had positive HBsAg or anti-HCV antibody. Histologic findings, except cells within sinusoids, were comparable between the alcoholic patients with or without superimposed hepatitis viruses.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128-133
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi
Volume93
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1994 Jan 1

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Virus Diseases
Alcoholics
Hepatitis B
Taiwan
Hepacivirus
Liver Diseases
Hepatitis C Antibodies
Hepatitis B Surface Antigens
Fibrosis
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Hepatitis Viruses
Chronic Hepatitis
Radio
Immunoassay
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "Hepatitis B and hepatitis C virus infection among chronic alcoholic patients with liver disease in Taiwan.",
abstract = "The prevalence of the anti-hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV) antibody and hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) among 123 alcoholic patients with liver disease from our hospital and 44 alcoholic subjects from the local community was evaluated. By radio-immunoassay HBsAg was detected in 30.1{\%} of alcoholic patients with liver disease, compared with 11.4{\%} of alcoholic subjects from the local community (p < 0.05). The prevalence of HBsAg was 40.7{\%} (11/27) in patients with cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), 31.5{\%} (17/54) in patients with cirrhosis only, and 29.4{\%} (5/17) in patients with other liver diseases. By enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, anti-HCV antibody was detected in 30.9{\%} of alcoholic patients with liver disease, compared with 2.3{\%} of alcoholic subjects from the local community (p < 0.0005). The prevalence of anti-HCV antibody was 44.4{\%} in alcoholic patients with cirrhosis and HCC, 29.6{\%} in alcoholic patients with cirrhosis only, and 17.6{\%} in alcoholic patients with other liver diseases. As the degree of liver damage advanced, the prevalence of either HBsAg or anti-HCV antibody, or both, being detected in these alcoholic patients increased significantly (p < 0.05). The serum ALT level was higher among alcoholic patients who had either HBsAg or anti-HCV antibody than those having neither (151 +/- 204 vs 62 +/- 47 IU/L; p < 0.005). All three alcoholic patients with chronic hepatitis had positive HBsAg or anti-HCV antibody. Histologic findings, except cells within sinusoids, were comparable between the alcoholic patients with or without superimposed hepatitis viruses.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)",
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Hepatitis B and hepatitis C virus infection among chronic alcoholic patients with liver disease in Taiwan. / Chang, Ting-Tsung; Lin, C. Y.; Chow, Nan-Haw; Hsu, P. I.; Yang, C. C.; Lin, Xi-Zhang; Shin, J. S.; Chen, D. S.

In: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi, Vol. 93, No. 2, 01.01.1994, p. 128-133.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - The prevalence of the anti-hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV) antibody and hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) among 123 alcoholic patients with liver disease from our hospital and 44 alcoholic subjects from the local community was evaluated. By radio-immunoassay HBsAg was detected in 30.1% of alcoholic patients with liver disease, compared with 11.4% of alcoholic subjects from the local community (p < 0.05). The prevalence of HBsAg was 40.7% (11/27) in patients with cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), 31.5% (17/54) in patients with cirrhosis only, and 29.4% (5/17) in patients with other liver diseases. By enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, anti-HCV antibody was detected in 30.9% of alcoholic patients with liver disease, compared with 2.3% of alcoholic subjects from the local community (p < 0.0005). The prevalence of anti-HCV antibody was 44.4% in alcoholic patients with cirrhosis and HCC, 29.6% in alcoholic patients with cirrhosis only, and 17.6% in alcoholic patients with other liver diseases. As the degree of liver damage advanced, the prevalence of either HBsAg or anti-HCV antibody, or both, being detected in these alcoholic patients increased significantly (p < 0.05). The serum ALT level was higher among alcoholic patients who had either HBsAg or anti-HCV antibody than those having neither (151 +/- 204 vs 62 +/- 47 IU/L; p < 0.005). All three alcoholic patients with chronic hepatitis had positive HBsAg or anti-HCV antibody. Histologic findings, except cells within sinusoids, were comparable between the alcoholic patients with or without superimposed hepatitis viruses.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

AB - The prevalence of the anti-hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV) antibody and hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) among 123 alcoholic patients with liver disease from our hospital and 44 alcoholic subjects from the local community was evaluated. By radio-immunoassay HBsAg was detected in 30.1% of alcoholic patients with liver disease, compared with 11.4% of alcoholic subjects from the local community (p < 0.05). The prevalence of HBsAg was 40.7% (11/27) in patients with cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), 31.5% (17/54) in patients with cirrhosis only, and 29.4% (5/17) in patients with other liver diseases. By enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, anti-HCV antibody was detected in 30.9% of alcoholic patients with liver disease, compared with 2.3% of alcoholic subjects from the local community (p < 0.0005). The prevalence of anti-HCV antibody was 44.4% in alcoholic patients with cirrhosis and HCC, 29.6% in alcoholic patients with cirrhosis only, and 17.6% in alcoholic patients with other liver diseases. As the degree of liver damage advanced, the prevalence of either HBsAg or anti-HCV antibody, or both, being detected in these alcoholic patients increased significantly (p < 0.05). The serum ALT level was higher among alcoholic patients who had either HBsAg or anti-HCV antibody than those having neither (151 +/- 204 vs 62 +/- 47 IU/L; p < 0.005). All three alcoholic patients with chronic hepatitis had positive HBsAg or anti-HCV antibody. Histologic findings, except cells within sinusoids, were comparable between the alcoholic patients with or without superimposed hepatitis viruses.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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