Hepatitis B virus X protein sensitizes hepatocellular carcinoma cells to cytolysis induced by E1B-deleted adenovirus through the disruption of p53 function

Jeng Long Hsieh, Chao-Liang Wu, Che Hsin Lee, Ai-Li Shiau

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Abstract

Replication-selective adenovirus has been reported to kill tumor cells and hold promise for cancer therapy. In this study, we constructed an E1B Mr 55,000-deleted adenovirus, designated Ad5WS1, and examined its cytolytic effect on human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines with various p53 status. The results show that Ad5WS1 lysed HCC cells lacking p53 transcription activity. However, this effect was not observed in cells harboring functional p53. Because loss of p53 transcription activity can be induced by binding to hepatitis B virus X protein (HBx), we generated HBx stable transfectants from Chang liver cells and examined their susceptibility to Ad5WS1-induced cytolysis. Expression of HBx in Chang liver cells changed the location of p53 from the nucleus to the cytoplasm, which mostly coincided with the location of HBx in the cytoplasm. Disruption of p53 transcription activity by HBx in Chang liver cells rendered them susceptible to infection with Ad5WS1. Furthermore, Ad5WS1 exerted antitumor effect, especially when combined with chemotherapeutic agent cisplatin, in BALB/c mice bearing HBx-expressing HCC. Our results suggest that E1B Mr 55,000-deleted adenovirus may have therapeutic potential for the treatment of HCC with loss of p53 transcription activity or with HBx expression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)338-345
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Volume9
Issue number1 I
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jan 1

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Adenoviridae
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Liver
Cytoplasm
Cisplatin
hepatitis B virus X protein
Neoplasms
Cell Line
Therapeutics
Infection

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

Cite this

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abstract = "Replication-selective adenovirus has been reported to kill tumor cells and hold promise for cancer therapy. In this study, we constructed an E1B Mr 55,000-deleted adenovirus, designated Ad5WS1, and examined its cytolytic effect on human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines with various p53 status. The results show that Ad5WS1 lysed HCC cells lacking p53 transcription activity. However, this effect was not observed in cells harboring functional p53. Because loss of p53 transcription activity can be induced by binding to hepatitis B virus X protein (HBx), we generated HBx stable transfectants from Chang liver cells and examined their susceptibility to Ad5WS1-induced cytolysis. Expression of HBx in Chang liver cells changed the location of p53 from the nucleus to the cytoplasm, which mostly coincided with the location of HBx in the cytoplasm. Disruption of p53 transcription activity by HBx in Chang liver cells rendered them susceptible to infection with Ad5WS1. Furthermore, Ad5WS1 exerted antitumor effect, especially when combined with chemotherapeutic agent cisplatin, in BALB/c mice bearing HBx-expressing HCC. Our results suggest that E1B Mr 55,000-deleted adenovirus may have therapeutic potential for the treatment of HCC with loss of p53 transcription activity or with HBx expression.",
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