Background/Aims: To study the portal flow patterns from CTAP (computed tomography of arterial portography), then to predict the existence of esophageal varices bleeding clinically. Methodology: 192 patients who underwent CTAP from superior mesenteric artery infusion were retrofired in this study. The obtained images were classified according to our proposed criteria. Stage 0: hepatopetal flow, when all the contrast medium from the superior mesenteric vein entered the portal vein. Stage 1: when the contrast medium opacified the splenic vein or the other collateral vessels. Stage II: when the contrast medium opacified the paraesophageal vessels without entering the inner wall of the esophagus. Stage III: when the contrast medium opacified the collaterals up to the inner wall of the esophagus. Results: The incidence of bleeding esophageal varices was correlated to the different stages of collateral flows pattern obtained. The esophageal varices bleeding rates were 0/137, 1/16, 1/14, 16/25 for stage 0, I, II and III, respectively. The incidence of bleeding esophageal varices was significantly higher in stage III group than in the other groups (P<0.001). The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy of stage III patients in regard to the occurrence of bleeding esophageal varices were estimated as 80.0%, 98.8%, 88.9%, 94.8%, and 94.3%, respectively. Conclusions: Our results show that CTAP demonstrates the portal flow patterns and collateral veins clearly, which can serve as an excellent imaging modality to predict the risk of esophageal varices bleeding.
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - 2000 Dec 27|
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