Heteroatoms doped graphene for catalytic ozonation of sulfamethoxazole by metal-free catalysis: Performances and mechanisms

Renli Yin, Wanqian Guo, Juanshan Du, Xianjiao Zhou, Heshan Zheng, Qinglian Wu, Joshu Chang, Nanqi Ren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, reductive graphene oxides (rGO) and heteroatoms (N and P) doped graphene oxides (NGO, PGO) were synthesized and firstly applied in catalytic ozonation of sulfamethoxazole (SMX). As metal-free materials, NGO and PGO were found to exhibit significant abilities in catalytic ozonation of SMX, of which the efficiency were both more than 2.5 times to ozonation system and 1.5 times to the undoped rGO, respectively. Materials characterization showed the doping of heteroatoms into graphene oxides layers would modulate the configuration and properties of graphene oxides meanwhile create new active sites to enhance the catalytic performance. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations were then employed to give an in-depth probe of the degradation mechanism. The theoretical calculations were in good correspondence with the experimental results, indicating that the S atom was the most susceptible attacking site, which resulted in the cleavage of S[sbnd]N and S[sbnd]C bond of SMX during the catalytic ozonation processes. This study proposes a new insight into catalytic ozonation of SMX by NGO and PGO materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)632-639
Number of pages8
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume317
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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