Heterogeneous Cellular Network with Energy Harvesting-Based D2D Communication

Howard H. Yang, Jemin Lee, Tony Q.S. Quek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

125 Citations (Scopus)


The concept of mobile user equipment (UE) relay (UER) has been introduced to support device-to-device (D2D) communications for enhancing communication reliability. However, as the UER needs to use its own power for other UE's data transmission, relaying information in D2D communication may be undesirable for the UER. To overcome this issue, motivated by the recent advances in energy harvesting (EH) techniques, we propose a D2D communication provided EH heterogeneous cellular network (D2D-EHHN), where UERs harvest energy from an access point (AP) and use the harvested energy for D2D communication. We develop a framework for the design and analysis of D2D-EHHN by introducing the EH region (EHR) and modeling the status of harvested energy using Markov chain. The UER distribution is derived, and a transmission mode selection scheme including the efficient UER selection method is proposed. The network outage probability is derived in close form to measure the performance of D2D-EHHN. Based on our analysis results, we explore the effects of network parameters on the outage probability and the optimal offloading bias in terms of the outage probability. Particularly, we show that having a high EH efficiency enhances the performance of D2D-EHHN, but can also degrade, especially for dense network.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7296675
Pages (from-to)1406-1419
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Feb

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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