Heterogeneous Space and Terrestrial Integrated Networks for IoT: Architecture and Challenges

Wei Che Chien, Chin Feng Lai, M. Shamim Hossain, Ghulam Muhammad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


The number of IoT devices has been growing significantly, and mobile network traffic is also increasing explosively. In order to meet the human desire to explore unknown areas, edgeless communications have always been one of the directions for the development of wireless networks. H-STIN is a promising solution to face the problem of large bandwidth requirement, massive machine type communication, and edgeless communication requirements. However, it is difficult to integrate communication protocols, routing problems, and resource allocation in the large-scale and heterogeneous network architecture. Therefore, this article proposes a potential H-STIN architecture based on the development trends of the Internet of Things, mobile networks, and satellite networks. Since TN has adequate computation resource and routing architecture, the backbone network is given to support an entire network, and AS is adopted to achieve regional self-optimization. The SSTIS is composed of the perception layer, the cognition layer, and the intelligence layer. It integrates IoT, SDN, and network functions virtualization technologies to achieve self-monitoring, crisis forecasting, and optimal control. Finally, the promising technical challenge, including integrated route planning and large-scale resource allocation, is given.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8610423
Pages (from-to)15-21
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Network
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Information Systems
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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