Hierarchical Carbon Composites for High-Energy/Power-Density and High-Reliability Supercapacitors with Low Aging Rate

Cheng Chia Chen, Nindita Kirana, Daniel Fajar Puspita, Jagabandhu Patra, Chien Te Hsieh, Yasser Ashraf Gandomi, Hong Zheng Lai, Tseng Lung Chang, Chung Jen Tseng, Subhasish Basu Majumder, Cheng Yu Wang, Jeng Kuei Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


A facile method for preparing hierarchical carbon composites that contain activated carbon (AC), carbon nanospheres (CNSs), and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) for use as the electrode material in supercapacitors (SCs) was developed. The CNS/CNT network enabled the formation of three-dimensional conducting pathways within the highly porous AC matrix, effectively reducing the internal resistance of an SC electrode. The specific capacitance, cyclability, voltage window, temperature profile during charging/discharging, leakage current, gas evolution, and self-discharge of the fabricated SCs were systematically investigated and the optimal CNS/CNT ratio was determined. A 2.5 V floating aging test at 70 °C was performed on SCs made with various hierarchical carbon electrodes. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, postmortem electron microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analyses were conducted to examine the electrode aging behavior. A hierarchical carbon architecture with an appropriate AC/CNS/CNT constituent ratio could significantly improve charge-discharge performance, increase cell reliability, and decrease the aging-related degradation rate.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere202200345
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2022 May 20

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • General Energy


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