High aspect ratio micro-hole filling employing emulsified supercritical CO2 electrolytes

Cheng Yu Li, Jun Jie Yang, Wen Ta Tsai, Chang Jian Lin, Tso Fu Mark Chang, Masato Sone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


The feasibility of filling a high aspect-ratio micro-hole with electrodeposited Ni-P alloy by employing an emulsified supercritical CO2 (sc-CO2) bath was studied. The effects of current density and deposition time on the efficiency of micro-hole filling were also explored. The experimental results showed that void-free Ni-P alloy could be successfully filled into a micro-hole with a diameter of 50 μm and a depth of 400 μm under proper electrodeposition conditions, with the advantage of low surface tension characteristics of sc-CO2 in wetting the micro-hole over that of the conventional aqueous bath. The experimental results also showed that the deposition efficiency and the deposit morphology were significantly affected by the deposition time and current density applied. Material characterization indicated that the super-filled Ni-P exhibited a uniform chemical composition, and an average microhardness value of 730 Hv.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-66
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Supercritical Fluids
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Mar 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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