High capacity microporous molybdenum-vanadium oxide electrodes for rechargeable lithium batteries

Watchareeya Kaveevivitchai, Allan J. Jacobson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Microporous Mo2.5+yVO9+δ with channels defined by seven-membered rings of corner-sharing MO6 (M = Mo5+/6+ or V4+/5+) octahedra belongs to the family of isostructural MoVNbTeO compounds, which are very active and selective oxidation catalysts for light alkanes. The large open channels which can accommodate small ions, together with the redox properties of Mo2.5+yVO9+δ, make this material of potential interest as a rechargeable intercalation electrode. Microcrystalline Mo2.5+yVO9+δ was synthesized by hydrothermal reaction of (NH4)6Mo7O 24·4H2O and VOSO4·nH2O and exists in the composition range -0.13 ≤ y ≤ 0.05. The electrochemical properties of Mo2.5+yVO9+δ were investigated in Li/1 M LiPF6 in ethylene carbonate (EC) and dimethyl carbonate (DMC)/Mo2.5+yVO9+δ cells. When the cells are discharged between 3.9 and 1.5 V vs Li/Li+, up to 6 Li+ ions per formula unit are electrochemically inserted into the framework. Upon recharge, all of the Li+ ions can be extracted with minimal structural rearrangement. Unit cell dimensions for LixMo 2.5+yVO9+δ (0 < x ≤ 6) phases prepared by chemical lithiation with n-BuLi have been determined by powder X-ray analysis and are closely related to those of the parent Mo2.5+yVO 9+δ phase with orthorhombic Pba2 symmetry. Lithium cells of Mo2.5+yVO9+δ are rechargeable and exhibit a reversible capacity exceeding 300 mAh/g making Mo2.5+yVO 9+δ a potential electrode material for secondary lithium batteries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2708-2715
Number of pages8
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume25
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jul 9

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

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