High-fat diet-induced increases in glucocorticoids contribute to the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in mice

Sheng Feng Tsai, Hao Chang Hung, Monica Meng Chun Shih, Fu Chuan Chang, Bon chu Chung, Chia Yih Wang, Yu Ling Lin, Yu Min Kuo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the causal relationship between chronic ingestion of a high-fat diet (HFD)-induced secretion of glucocorticoids (GCs) and the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We have produced a strain of transgenic mice (termed L/L mice) that have normal levels of circulating corticosterone (CORT), the major type of GCs in rodents, but unlike wild-type (WT) mice, their circulating CORT was not affected by HFD. Compared to WT mice, 12-week HFD-induced fatty liver was less pronounced with higher plasma levels of triglycerides in L/L mice. These changes were reversed by CORT supplement to L/L mice. By analyzing a sort of lipid metabolism-related proteins, we found that expressions of the hepatic cluster of differentiation 36 (CD36) were upregulated by HFD-induced CORT and involved in CORT-mediated fatty liver. Dexamethasone, an agonist of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR), upregulated expressions of CD36 in HepG2 hepatocytes and facilitated lipid accumulation in the cells. In conclusion, the fat ingestion-induced release of CORT contributes to NAFLD. This study highlights the pathogenic role of CORT-mediated upregulation of hepatic CD 36 in diet-induced NAFLD.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere22130
JournalFASEB Journal
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jan

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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