Background: /purpose: Oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) is a betel quid chewing-caused oral mucosal disease with progressive collagen deposition. This study evaluated whether Taiwanese male OSF patients had high frequencies of vitamin B12 and folic acid deficiencies, hyperhomocysteinemia, and serum gastric parietal cell antibody (GPCA) positivity. Materials and methods: The blood hemoglobin (Hb), serum iron, vitamin B12, folic acid, homocysteine, and GPCA concentrations in 62 male OSF patients were measured and compared with the corresponding data in 124 age-matched male healthy control subjects. Results: We found that 5 (8.1%), 12 (19.4%), 32 (51.6%), 31 (50.0%), 22 (35.5%), and 6 (9.7%) of the 62 male OSF patients had Hb (<13 g/dL), iron (≤70 μg/dL), vitamin B12 (≤450 pg/mL), and folic acid (≤6 ng/mL) deficiencies, hyperhomocysteinemia (>12 μM), and serum GPCA positivity, respectively. Furthermore, OSF patients had significantly higher frequencies of Hb (P = 0.006), vitamin B12 (P < 0.001), and folic acid (P < 0.001) deficiencies, hyperhomocysteinemia (P < 0.001), and serum GPCA positivity (P = 0.030) than 124 healthy control subjects. Of the 22 OSF patients with hyperhomocysteinemia, 4 had vitamin B12 deficiency only, 7 had folic acid deficiency only, and 11 had both vitamin B12 and folic acid deficiencies. Conclusion: We conclude that Taiwanese male OSF patients have high frequencies of vitamin B12 and folic acid deficiencies, hyperhomocysteinemia, and serum GPCA positivity. The hyperhomocysteinemia in our OSF patients is predominantly due to deficiencies of either vitamin B12 or folic acid or both.
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