High neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio predict poor survival in rectal cancer patients receiving neoadjuvant concurrent chemoradiotherapy

Te Min Ke, Li Ching Lin, Chun Che Huang, Yu Wen Chien, Wei Chen Ting, Ching Chieh Yang

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study explored the prognostic value of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in rectal cancer patients receiving neoadjuvant concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT).Between January 2006 and December 2016, 184 patients with newly-diagnosed rectal cancer receiving neoadjuvant CCRT were enrolled. Risk of overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazard models. Stratified survival analyses were also performed between post-neoadjuvant pathological (yp) stage.The mean follow-up time was 72.73 ± 36.82 months. High- and low-NLR patients differed significantly in both 5-year DFS (P = .026) and OS (P = .016). High- and low-PLR patients differed significantly in 5-year DFS (P = .011) but not OS (P = .185). Multivariate analyses revealed worse 5-year DFS (adjusted HR [aHR] = 2.8; 95% CI: 1.473-5.41; P = .002) and 5-year OS (aHR = 1.871; 95%CI: 1.029-3.4; P = .04) in the high-NLR group after adjusting for covariates. After adjustments, the high-PLR group had inferior 5-year DFS (aHR = 2.274; 95%CI: 1.473-5.419; P = .038) but not 5-year OS (aHR = 1.156; 95%CI: 0.650-2.056; P = .622). Further stratified analysis indicated that yp stage II and III patients with high NLR had worse 5-year DFS (aHR = 2.334; 95% CI: 1.158-4.725; P = .018) and OS (aHR = 2.226; 95% CI: 1.165-4.251; P = .015). Additionally, yp stage II and III patients with high PLR had inferior 5-year DFS (aHR = 2.012; 95% CI: 1.049-3.861; P = .036).Pre-CCRT NLR and PLR are independent prognostic factors for rectal cancer patients and could be used as a potential biomarker to identify high-risk patients for more intense treatment and care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e19877
JournalMedicine
Volume99
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Apr 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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