High performance photoelectrodes prepared using Au@P3HT composite nanoparticles for dye-sensitized solar cells

Venkatesan, Tsung Yu Chien, Hsisheng Teng, Yuh Lang Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this study, gold (Au) and poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) composite nanoparticles (Au@P3HT) are synthesized and applied to modify the photoelectrodes of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The modification is carried out by adsorption of Au@P3HT onto the electrode surface. The experimental results show that the Au@P3HT nanoparticles demonstrate a spherical shape with a mean diameter of 6 nm. The analysis of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy indicates that the P3HT strongly interact with Au, protecting the Au particles from the corrosion of iodide electrolytes. Scanning electron microscope analysis reveals that the Au@P3HT nanoparticles adsorb strongly and uniformly on the mesoporous TiO2 photoelectrode. The UV–vis absorption spectrum shows that the Au@P3HT-modified photoelectrode can enhance the light absorption in the long wavelength region, attributed to the plasmon resonance effect of Au nanoparticles. It also demonstrates that the modification of Au@P3HT not only improves the incident photon to current conversion efficiency but also increases the recombination resistance at the photoelectrode/electrolyte interface. Therefore, the corresponding cell has higher current density and open-circuit voltage. By way of this method, the DSSC can achieve an energy conversion efficiency of 9.34%. The non-corrosive characteristics of the Au@P3HT-modified electrode against the iodide liquid electrolyte improve the durability of the DSSCs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number166822
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume926
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec 10

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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