We have fabricated, by simultaneous DC and RF magnetron sputtering, multilayer transparent electrodes having much lower electrical resistance than the widely used transparent conductive oxide electrodes. The multilayer structure consists of three layers (ZnO/Ag/ZnO). Ag films with different film thickness were used as metallic layers. Optimum thicknesses of Ag and ZnO films were determined for high optical transmittance and good electrical conductivity. Several analytical tools such as spectrophotometer, atomic force microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and four-point probe were used to explore the possible changes in electrical and optical properties. A high quality transparent electrode, having resistance as low as 3 Ω/sq and high optical transmittance of 90% was obtained at room temperature and could be reproduced by controlling the preparation process parameters. The electrical and optical properties of ZnO/Ag/ZnO multilayers were determined mainly by the Ag film properties. The performance of the multilayers as transparent conducting materials was also compared using a figure of merit.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Metals and Alloys
- Materials Chemistry