High-resolution identification of 1/2 〈110〉 stacking faults in epitaxial Ba0.3Sr0.7TiO3 thin films

C. J. Lu, L. A. Bendersky, K. Chang, I. Takeuchi

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The near-interface region of an epitaxial Ba0.3Sr 0.7TiO3 thin film grown on LaAlO3 (001) was found to consist of a high density of 1/2 〈110〉 stacking faults bounced by partial dislocations. The stacking faults can extend over large distances (greater than 50 nm). Various possible atomic configurations of the faults were considered. The atomic structures of the faults were identified using high-resolution electron microscopy and simulation as well as energy-filtered imaging. The 1/2[110] and 1/2[101] faults (where [001] is normal to the film plane) were found to lie predominately on the {100} and {110} planes. The 1/2[101] faults on (010), (110) or (1̄10) have never been observed before in perovskites. The stacking faults on {100} have a structure consisting of a double layer of edge-sharing TiO6 octahedra. The excess of Ti was detected by energy-filtered imaging. The formation of the extended stacking faults is probably related to a small amount of excess Ti during the film deposition, which may originate from the non-stoichiometry of the ceramic targets BaTiO3 and SrTiO3. It is also enhanced by the misfit-induced compressive strain in the early stages of the film growth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1565-1595
Number of pages31
JournalPhilosophical Magazine
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 2003 May 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics


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