The paper reports the successful fabrication of ethanol gas sensors with tin-dioxide (SnO2) thin films integrated with a solid-state heater, which is realized with technologies of micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS), and are compatible with VLSI processes. The main sensing part with dimensions of 450 × 400 μm2 in this developed device is composed of a sensing SnO2 film, which is fabricated by electron-gun evaporation with proper annealing in ambient oxygen gas to yield fine particles and good structure. An integrated solid-state heater with a 4.5 μm-thick cantilever bridge (1000 × 500 μm2) structure is made of silicon carbide (SiC) material by MEMS technologies. The sensitivity for 1000 ppm ethanol gas reaches as high as 90 with 10 s and 2 min for the response and recovery time, respectively, at an operating temperature of 300°C. Those experimental results also exhibit a much superior performance to that of a popular commercial ethanol gas sensor TGS-822. Therefore, the developed sensor with high performance is a good candidate for some specific application in automobile to detect drink-drive limit and allows an array integration available with various films for controlling each element at separate resistance.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Metals and Alloys
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Materials Chemistry