High-Spin Molecules: [Mn12O12(O2CR)16(H2O)4]

Roberta Sessoli, Dante Gatteschi, Hui-Lien Tsai, David N. Hendrickson, Ann R. Schake, Sheyi Wang, John B. Vincent, George Christou, Kirsten Folting

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1963 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The syntheses and electrochemical and magnetochemical properties of [Mn12O12(O2CPh)16(H2O)4] (3), its solvate 3-PhCOOH·CH2Cl2, and [Mn12O12(O2CMe)16(H2O)4]·MeCOOH·3H2O (4) are reported. Complex 3 can be prepared either by reaction of Mn(OAc)2·4H2O, benzoic acid, and NBun4MnO4 in pyridine or by reaction of PhCOOH with complex 4 slurried in CH2C12. Complex 3 crystallizes in the triclinic space group which at −146 °C has a = 27.072(19) Å, b = 17.046(11) Å, c = 14.254(8) Å, α = 98.39(3)°, β = 98.44(4)°, γ = 89.27(4) Å, and Z = 2. The structure was refined with 4814 observed [F > 3.0σ(F)] reflections to give R = 9.54 and Rw = 10.07. [Mn12O12(O2CPh)16(H2O)4] (3) consists of a central [MnIV4O4]8+ cubane held within a nonplanar ring of eight MnIII atoms by eight µ3-O2− ions. Peripheral ligation is provided by 16 µ2-O2CPh and four terminal H2O groups, where the four H2O ligands are located on two Mn atoms. Four redox waves are seen in the cyclic voltammogram of complex 3 in CH2C12: two reversible waves [an oxidation wave at 0.79 V (vs ferrocene/ferrocenium) and a reduction wave at 0.11 V] and two irreversible waves at −0.23 and −0.77 V. Complex 4 exhibits the same four redox couples in MeCN. Variable-temperature DC magnetic susceptibility data measured at 10.0 kG are presented for polycrystalline samples of complex 3 and the solvate 3·PhCOOH·CH2Cl2. At 320 K, µeff/molecule is ∼12 µB and increases to a maximum of ∼20–21 µB at ∼ 10 K, whereupon µeff/molecule decreases rapidly at low temperatures. It is concluded that these complexes exhibit appreciable magnetic anisotropy. Even at fields as low as 1 kG the polycrystallites have to be restrained from torquing by embedding the polycrystalline sample in parafilm. Complexes 3 and 3·PhCOOH·CH2Cl2 exhibit somewhat different µeff/molecule versus temperature curves. Magnetization measurements at 20.0, 30.0, 40.0, and 50.0 kG in the 2–4 K range are used to determine that in these fields complexes 3 and 3·PhCOOH·CH2Cl2 have S=10 and S = 9 ground states, respectively. A relatively large zero-field splitting is in evidence, and this was confirmed by high-field EPR experiments with a CO2 far-infrared laser. AC susceptibility data in zero applied field are given for complexes 3 and 4 in the 4–25 K range. It is concluded that complex 3 has a S = 9 ground state at zero field, whereas complex 4 has a S = 10 ground state at zero field. The most interesting observation for complexes 3 and 4 derives from the out-of-phase (imaginary) component of the AC susceptibility, xm″. Both of these complexes exhibit a nonzero Xm″, which when measured at various frequencies shows a maximum at different temperatures. These two complexes are the only molecular solids known to exhibit a nonzero xm″ in the paramagnetic phase. The results of theoretical calculations of the ordering of spin states in a Mn4IVMn8III complex, assuming reasonable values for the exchange parameters characterizing the different pairwise interactions, are presented to rationalize the S = 8–10 ground states.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1804-1816
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume115
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1993 Mar 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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