High thermal conductivity ceramics from combustion synthesized AlN powder through microwave sintering and reheating

Shyan-Lung Chung, T. I. Tsai, S. C. Huang

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Combustion synthesized AlN powders were investigated for use as starting material for obtaining high thermal conductivity specimens by microwave sintering and reheating. Microwave sintering and reheating were carried out in a TE 103 single mode cavity with an adjustable microwave power in the range 0-3 kW at 2.45 GHz. Densification was found to be a primary requirement to obtain a high thermal conductivity AlN. AlN powders with good sinterability are required to achieve a high densification. AlN powder with D 50 of ∼6 μm was found to have a poor sinterability that with D 50 of ∼3 μm or finer, a good sinterability. Oxygen content was found to be another important factor determining the thermal conductivity. The thermal conductivity can be enhanced from ∼130 to ∼155 W/m K when the oxygen content is reduced from 2.3 to 1.4 wt %. The thermal conductivity can be significantly improved by microwave reheating of the sintered specimen under a reducing atmosphere. This is considered to be due to enhanced removal of the second phases by the reducing atmosphere.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-50
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Mar 1


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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