Higher molecular weight leads to improved photoresponsivity, charge transport and interfacial ordering in a narrow bandgap semiconducting polymer

Minghong Tong, Shinuk Cho, James T. Rogers, Kristin Schmidt, Ben B.Y. Hsu, Daniel Moses, Robert C. Coffin, Edward J. Kramer, Guillermo C. Bazan, Alan J. Heeger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

115 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Increasing the molecular weight of the low-bandgap semiconducting copolymer, poly[(4,4-didoecyldithieno[3,2-b:2â,3â-d]silole)-2,6- diyl-alt-(2,1,3-benzothiadiazole)-4,7-diyl], Si-PDTBT, from 9 kDa to 38 kDa improves both photoresponsivity and charge transport properties dramatically. The photocurrent measured under steady state conditions is 20 times larger in the higher molecular weight polymer (HMn Si-PDTBT). Different decays of polarization memory in transient photoinduced spectroscopy measurements are consistent with more mobile photoexcitations in HMn Si-PDTBT relative to the lower molecular weight counterpart (LMn Si-PDTBT). Analysis of the current-voltage characteristics of field effect transistors reveals an increase in the mobility by a factor of 700 for HMn Si-PDTBT. Near edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy and grazing incidence small angle X-ray scattering (GISAXS) measurements demonstrate that LM n Si-PDTBT forms a disordered morphology throughout the depth of the film, whereas HMn Si-PDTBT exhibits pronounced π-π stacking in an edge-on configuration near the substrate interface. Increased interchain overlap between polymers in the edge-on configuration in HMn Si-PDTBT results in the higher carrier mobility. The improved optical response, transport mobility, and interfacial ordering highlight the subtle role that the degree of polymerization plays on the optoelectronic properties of conjugated polymer based organic semiconductors. Increasing the molecular weight of the low-bandgap semiconducting copolymer, Si-PDTBT, leads to increased interfacial order of thin films. Whereas lower molecular weight (LMn) Si-PDTBT shows no ordering, higher molecular weight (HMn) Si-PDTBT exhibits π-π stacking of the conjugated backbone in an edge-on configuration near the interface with the substrate, which is appropriate to significantly increase the carrier mobility in the FET devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3959-3965
Number of pages7
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume20
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Nov 23

Fingerprint

Semiconducting polymers
Charge transfer
molecular weight
Energy gap
Molecular weight
polymers
low molecular weights
carrier mobility
copolymers
field effect transistors
configurations
Carrier mobility
Field effect transistors
Polymers
organic semiconductors
Copolymers
photoexcitation
grazing incidence
spectroscopy
X ray absorption near edge structure spectroscopy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Tong, Minghong ; Cho, Shinuk ; Rogers, James T. ; Schmidt, Kristin ; Hsu, Ben B.Y. ; Moses, Daniel ; Coffin, Robert C. ; Kramer, Edward J. ; Bazan, Guillermo C. ; Heeger, Alan J. / Higher molecular weight leads to improved photoresponsivity, charge transport and interfacial ordering in a narrow bandgap semiconducting polymer. In: Advanced Functional Materials. 2010 ; Vol. 20, No. 22. pp. 3959-3965.
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Higher molecular weight leads to improved photoresponsivity, charge transport and interfacial ordering in a narrow bandgap semiconducting polymer. / Tong, Minghong; Cho, Shinuk; Rogers, James T.; Schmidt, Kristin; Hsu, Ben B.Y.; Moses, Daniel; Coffin, Robert C.; Kramer, Edward J.; Bazan, Guillermo C.; Heeger, Alan J.

In: Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 20, No. 22, 23.11.2010, p. 3959-3965.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Higher molecular weight leads to improved photoresponsivity, charge transport and interfacial ordering in a narrow bandgap semiconducting polymer

AU - Tong, Minghong

AU - Cho, Shinuk

AU - Rogers, James T.

AU - Schmidt, Kristin

AU - Hsu, Ben B.Y.

AU - Moses, Daniel

AU - Coffin, Robert C.

AU - Kramer, Edward J.

AU - Bazan, Guillermo C.

AU - Heeger, Alan J.

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