Visual and empirical assessments do not enable the early detection of wound deterioration or necroses. No suitable objective indicator for predicting poor wound-healing is currently available. We used infrared thermography to determine the association between wound temperature and pressure-wound healing. We examined patients with grades 2–4 pressure ulcers from a medical center in southern Taiwan and recorded the temperatures of the wound bed, periwound, and normal skin using infrared thermographic cameras. A total of 50 pressure ulcers and 248 infrared-thermography temperature records were analyzed. Normal skin temperature was not related to pressure ulcer wound healing. In a multivariate analysis, higher malnutrition universal-screening-tool scores were associated with poor wound-healing (p = 0.020), and higher periwound-temperature values were associated with better wound-healing (p = 0.028). In patients who had higher periwound-skin temperature than that of the wound bed, that result was also associated with better wound-healing (p = 0.002). Wound-bed and periwound temperatures differed significantly with the grade of the pressure ulcer, and a high periwound temperature was positively correlated with wound healing. Infrared thermography can objectively serve as indicators for assessing pressure-ulcer healing.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Medicine