HIV-related symptoms in patients with HIV infection enrolled in an HIV case management program in Taiwan

Mei Ling Yeh, Hsiao Ying Liu, Wen Chien Ko, Hsin Chun Lee, Nai Ying Ko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Patients with HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) experience multiple signs and symptoms that accompany the progress of HIV-related diseases. HIV-related symptoms are associated with side effects and HAART (highly active antiretroviral therapy) complications. The purposes of this study were to estimate the frequency and intensity of HIV-related signs and symptoms in patients with HIV infection and to explore relationships between HIV-related symptoms and the HAART regimen. Data on a total of 172 HIV-positive patients enrolled in an HIV case management program were analyzed for this study. Participants experienced an average of 9.73 ± 7.27 symptoms, with fatigue, dry mouth and weakness the most frequently reported. Average mean symptom intensity among participants was 13.24 ± 11.48. Insomnia, depression and disorientation were the most severe symptoms. No differences were recorded between HIV-related symptoms and disease progression. Fatigue intensity showed significant differences between NRTI (nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors), +NNRTI (non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors) and NRTI+PI (protease inhibitors) based regimens (p = .03). In addition, cluster symptoms of confusion/distress among participants without HAART had a significantly higher mean intensity than those with HAART (t = 2.0, df = 1, p = .04). Our study indicated that symptom management for fatigue and early detection of psychological distress is needed to improve quality of life for people living with HIV/AIDS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-42
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Nursing
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Feb

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nursing(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'HIV-related symptoms in patients with HIV infection enrolled in an HIV case management program in Taiwan'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this