Home-based DIR/Floortime™ intervention program for preschool children with autism spectrum disorders: Preliminary findings

Shu Ting Liao, Yea Shwu Hwang, Yung Jung Chen, Peichin Lee, Shin Jaw Chen, Ling Yi Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Improving parent-child interaction and play are important outcomes for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Play is the primary occupation of children. In this pilot study conducted in Taiwan, we investigated the effects of the developmental, individual difference, and relationship-based (DIR)/Floortime™ home-based intervention program on social interaction and adaptive functioning of children with ASD. The participants were 11 children with ASD, ages from 45-69 months, and their mothers. Mothers were instructed the principles of the approach by an occupational therapist. All 11 children and their mothers completed the 10-week home-based intervention program, undergoing an average of 109.7 hr of intervention. Children made significant changes in mean scores for emotional functioning, communication, and daily living skills. Moreover, the mothers perceived positive changes in their parent-child interactions. The findings of this pilot study contribute to knowledge regarding the effects of home-based DIR/Floortime™ intervention program on increasing the social interaction and adaptive behaviors of children with ASD in Taiwan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)356-367
Number of pages12
JournalPhysical and Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Nov 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Occupational Therapy

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