Homogeneously and heterogeneously structured biofilm models for wastewater treatment

Ya Ru Yang, Xiao dong Wang, Jo Shu Chang, Duu Jong Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Biofilm, a layer comprising extracellular polymeric substances, is the platform where the embedded living cells degrade the substances in the wastewaters. Biofilm models have been developed as part of the comprehensive models for the wastewater treatment process. This review summarizes the biofilm models applied in contemporary literature based on the spatial dimensions adopted for model build-up. The most commonly applied biofilm models are null-dimensional, considering the biofilm active biomass for the substrate sink's biological reaction. The one-dimensional, multi-species models are the second standard models for contemporary studies, providing transport and reaction resistances of substrates in the biofilm matrix and the interactions of competing or collaborating strains in the biofilm. The structural homogeneity of the biofilm challenges the validity of the uniformly structured models, highlighting the need to re-examine the validity of the uniformly structured models. The challenges and prospects of biofilm model developments and applications are outlined.

Original languageEnglish
Article number127763
JournalBioresource technology
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Oct

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal


Dive into the research topics of 'Homogeneously and heterogeneously structured biofilm models for wastewater treatment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this