Horizontal Dendritic Stacking of Methanofullerene Single Crystals upon Diffusion-Limited Aggregation

Ching Feng Wu, Jui Hsien Lo, Chen An Wang, Jrjeng Ruan

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Within the binary amorphous homogeneous mixtures of conjugated polyalkylfluorene and methanofullerene, the annealing-induced nucleation and growth of methanofullerene single crystals under the influences of molecular supply and mixing tendency have been studied in this research. As the molecular supply is satisfactory at selected annealing temperatures, the crystallization of methanofullerene is identified to advance mainly via the concurrent growth of board-like crystals. When the diffusion is relatively limited, the local self-aggregation of methanofullerene retards the further growth of preexistent crystals. Consequently, the successive nucleation of new single crystals on preexistent crystals emerges as the dominant mechanism of crystallization. With the advance of horizontal stacking of single crystals, the fractal-like stacking patterns are able to evolve with long-range continuity and facilitate the charge transportation. Nevertheless, upon the increase of annealing temperature and side-chain length, the mixing tendency is enhanced, declining the tendency of self-aggregation and thus successive horizontal stacking of single crystals.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1800014
JournalMacromolecular Chemistry and Physics
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Apr

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry


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