How to print a crystal structure model in 3D

Teng Hao Chen, Semin Lee, Amar H. Flood, Ognjen Š Miljanić

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


We present a simple procedure for the conversion of Crystallographic Information Files (CIFs) into Virtual Reality Modelling Language (VRML2,.wrl) files, which can be used as input files for three-dimensional (3D) printing. This procedure permits facile production of customized full-colour 3D models of X-ray crystal structures of segments of extended structures, including metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) as well as small molecules. The method uses freely available software that runs under Microsoft Windows, MacOSX and Linux operating systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5488-5493
Number of pages6
Issue number25
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jul 7

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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